Page 3- Analyzing Electromagnetic Waves
This subject deals with much more than the light which we see from the sun, stars, or electric lights we use everyday...
When we talk to a scientist about LIGHT, there is a whole realm of categorize that he/she works with, called ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES (EMW).
1-Light travels in waves. A wavelength is the distance from the top of one wave to the top of the other. Just as water on a lake, coming toward the shore travels in wavelengths, so LIGHT travels in waves as well. In the basic seven colors we see: a-The wavelength of a RED in our color spectrum is approximately 35,000 waves per INCH. b-The short end of the spectrum (Violet) contains wavelengths in the area of 65,000 per inch. c-Other colors (orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo) have wavelengths varying from the long end (red) and become shorter toward the short end (violet).
2-Light is more than just visible light we see. The entire realm of light waves (Electromagnetic spectrum) are in seven basic category Electricity, (wavelength - 60,000 miles) Radio waves, Infrared waves, Visible light, Ultraviolet waves, Gamma waves, Cosmic waves.
3-What is LIGHT? Everything in our world, everything in the universe is made up of ATOMS, containing PROTONS, NEUTRONS and ELECTRONS.
a-The protons and neutrons are at the center of the atom, called the NUCLEUS
b-The electrons are spinning around the nucleus in an orbit at the rate of 1,350 miles per SECOND.
c-Depending on the atomic number of the element (Hydrogen = 1, Helium = 2, etc.) The atomic number is usually equal to the number of electrons in it's orbit.
d-Basically, there can be as many as SEVEN orbits of electrons, depending on the atomic number: 2 maximum in the first orbit 8 maximum in the second orbit 8 maximum in the third orbit 18 maximum in the fourth orbit 18 maximum in the fifth orbit 32 maximum in the sixth orbit 32 maximum in the seventh orbit
e-Often, electrons from one atom fly out of orbit, into the orbit of another. When this happens, the one receiving an electron has too many in an orbit, thus one gets knocked out, into a different orbit. If a particular electron falls into a lower orbit, a PHOTON is given off by the atom.
f-What are PHOTONS?
To explain something about Photons, let me illustrate something about glass. If you have ever gone into a home built over 100 years ago, or seen a pane of glass in an antique shop, you may notice a strange phenomenon about it. At the bottom of the glass pane the glass seems to "settle" as if it is gradually running down like some substance which is partially liquid. That is because glass is not a solid. It is a "super cooled" liquid - "frozen" at room temperature. Years ago, they did not have the process perfected to do this, and so older glass is "running" and settling at the bottom, although very slowly.
All the elements in the above chart are made of Atoms. But, according to Einsteins famous equation E=MC2, Atoms turn into energy at the speed of light. E=Energy; M=Mass (Atoms); C=186,282 Miles per second -the speed of light. C2 = the speed of light times the speed of light, or 34,700,983,524. This means that the amount of any energy is equal to the amount of Mass (X) multiplied by 34,700,983,524, an astronomical number by comparison to the miniscule amount of mass we may be dealing with.
Not only do we understand something about the energy stored up in every Atom in the Universe, but also the fact that the Atoms we see are potential "Photons" if those Atoms were travelling at 186,282 MPS. So just as we look at a pane of glass and understand that it is "frozen liquid" at room temperature, so also the Atoms we see are actually "Photons" which are "frozen" - or standing still!
However, God, in His amazing design illustrates an fantastic phenomenon for us: Even though Atoms are "frozen" Photons - essentially "light standing still", we can observe that the electrons spinning around the nucleus are travelling at 1,300 miles per SECOND! That is about from New York to Iowa. The largest (Cesium) Atom is about two ten millionths of an inch in diameter (2/10,000,000 in.). For an electron to go 1,300 miles per second, it would have to orbit the nucleus over 1,311,000,000 times a second. Every single electron in every single Atom is orbiting at such an astronimical rate! Even more amazing than this is that no one really knows what a "Photon" is, but they have three basic properties:
Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) discovered that LIGHT travels in waves.
Isaac Newton(1642-1727) speculated that LIGHT traveled in "corpuscles" or particles.
James Maxwell (1831-1879) discovered that LIGHT has an electrical charge.
Max Planck (1858-1947) found all three characteristics are present.
Light Illustrates the Trinity
1-Light travels in WAVES, which can neither be seen nor felt.
2-They travel in PARTICLES, which can be both seen and felt.
3-They are ELECTRICALLY CHARGED, which can be felt,
but not seen.
These properties demonstrate a trinity, which all together produce LIGHT, but are positively and totally inseparable.
a-Actinic-can neither be seen nor felt.
b-Luminiferous-can be both seen AND felt.
c-Calorific-can be felt but not seen.
1. "Actinic" - The property of light which can neither be felt or seen.
"This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you,
Illustrates the Father - John 1:18 "No man hath seen God at any time..."
2. "Luminiferous" -The property of light which can be felt and seen.
Illustrates the Son - I John 1:1 "Which we have seen with our eyes..."
3. "Calorific" - The property of light which can be felt but not seen.
Illustrates the Holy Spirit "John 14:16 "....and He shall give you another Comforter...."
4. All three work together to produce light - cannot be separated.
"In Whom dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily...." Col. 2:9 (*)
*R.B. Thieme, Pastor, Berachah Church, Houston, Tx
Seven principles of light
In this demonstration of LIGHT, we see
1-Seven orbits of electrons that produce the light.
2-Seven frequencies of light in the EMW's
3-Seven principles of light that demonstrate the seven attributes of God
4-Seven colors in the rainbow
5-Seven carbohydrates that light produces in vegetation
6-Seven hydrocarbons that result from fermented organic life
7-Seven ways we perceive the light
Here we will discuss the seven principles of light and how it illustrates things we know about God:
E-Electrical energy of light
P-Particles or "corpuscles" (described by Newton)
S-Speed of light
O-Omnipresence of light in the Universe
E-Eternal existence of light
P-Power of light
We have already in our study of the way in which light has three properties called the "essence" of light - which all work together to produce light - the WAVES, ELECTRICAL ENERGY, and LIGHT PARTICLES.
Next, we have seen that the speed of light is constant (in a vacuum) - 186,282 MPS. Although there have been experiments in ways in which the speed of light varies in liquids, solids, and other materials, the fact remains that there is a unique principle concerning the speed of light:
The constant speed of light
Suppose we observe some distant star in our own galaxy or a distant galaxy - and that star is found to be flying away from us (by observing what is called a "red shift"). If that star is traveling away from us at some fantastic speed ie: 1,000,000 MPH, the LIGHT from that star is STILL traveling toward us (and everywhere else) at the same constant speed - 186,282 MPS.
If that star we observe is coming towards us at 1,000,000 MPH, the LIGHT from that star is STILL traveling toward us (and everywhere else) at the same constant speed - 186,282 MPS. It is one of the most fascinating and unique facts we observe about light.
Omnipresence of light
Light has a fantastic property of being omnipresent, or EVERYWHERE in the entire Universe. There is nowhere you can go where you will not find light. Even if you were to find some "dark" corner or hide yourself in some enclosure - we are not only talking here of the visible light which we can see. The MEW spectrum includes electrical waves, radio waves, infrared waves, visible light, ultraviolet light, gamma waves and cosmic waves.
Eternal existence of light
In Genesis 1:3, "God said, 'Let there be light', and there was light". The Hebrew word here is "hayah" - "To exist - become". It is not the same word we find in verse 1 "..."God CREATED the heaven and the Earth". That word is "bara" - to "create".
God allowed LIGHT to EXIST in the Universe in the beginning, although it EXISTED before the beginning. There never was a time when light did NOT exist. Light never had a beginning, and light will never have an end. In Revelation 22:21 - at the end of time, LIGHT will continue to exist in eternity future.
Power of light
One of the most fantastic subjects is the power of light. I am going to propose an illustration that will demonstrate the most fantastic example which will give us just a glimpse of the awesomeness of God and His unfathomable creation.
Suppose you have been given a rare opportunity to demonstrate a phenomenon to a stadium of 100,000 people at a Super Bowl game. At half time, you are given the chance to illustrate something to the fans who didn't come to see you, but since you have a captive audience, you are going to capitalize on the moment.
You come out on the 50 yard line and announce to everyone present that at a given moment, you want them all to applaud. 100,000 people all stand up (as if to give you a standing ovation) and applaud. The applause is heard throughout the stadium and finally subsides. They all sit down.
Now, at random, you point to one particular fan in the crowd to stand up. With everyone else perfectly quiet, you ask that one individual to applaud by himself. Can you hear him? Can everyone in the stadium hear him? Yes. Although very faint, the sound carries throughout the stadium. Even in theory you know this is true, because his applause a moment ago was heard - although only an infinitesimal fraction of the rest of the crowd - but it was heard just the same.
Let There Be Light
The above illustrates a principle which I will now propose. Scientists say that every single atom in the Universe gives off light. It is not always light that we can see. As we have seen from other facts, the light waves in the EMW range all the way from electricity, radio waves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, gamma and cosmic waves.
Scientists also state that there are more atoms in a typical toy block than there are drops of water in the Atlantic Ocean. That is positively beyond comprehension to me, but I state this to make a point. Suppose you have a toy block painted with fluorescent paint. You turn the lights out in a room and the block glows in the dark. You and I know that the number of atoms in the fluorescent paint are incomprehensibly more than 100,000 (as our stadium illustration above), and we already know that if only ONE single atom in that toy block gave off light, that we could observe it, although incredibly weak, but we could see it just the same.
Light in the Universe
Perhaps at this point, you know where I am going with this illustration:
In recent years, we have been able to send the Hubble telescope out into orbit around our Earth. For the first time in the history of the human race, we are able to delve deeper into space than ever before. What have we found? We have discovered that, in the far reaches of the Universe there are more galaxies than we ever began to imagine previously. The further we look into space, the more billions and billions of galaxies we discover!
For the sake of argument, suppose we are able somehow to put this glowing toy block on the surface of one SINGLE star in one SINGLE galaxy as far from us as we can presently see. Suppose, for the sake of illustration, that ALL the light from every single star - including our own sun - was to go out for a moment, except ONE SINGLE atom in this toy block of ours. The LIGHT emitted from that one single atom would be able to reach us (eventually) - traveling through billions and billions of light years to our Hubble telescope. Admittedly, it would be fantastically weak, but it would be there just the same.
As if this is not incredible enough, what we received in the form of light from that one single atom is only a fraction of the light given off.
You no doubt have experienced the phenomenon of getting in your vehicle on a cold winter day with the sun out. Although it may be below freezing outside, your car is 70 degrees. The sun is providing enough energy to heat your car, yet the light you are receiving from the sun is an infinitesimal fraction of the total sunlight the Earth is getting that day. Not only that, but you know as well as I do that the Earth is but a speck in the Universe - which is receiving that same sunlight!
Not only do we know of the ability scientists have to burn holes in steel with laser beams in laboratories, but also we underestimate the energy that light gives off from all kinds of sources in the world, in our own galaxy, and in the Universe.
All this is a fascinating illustration to demonstrate the power of light and the ability it has in our Universe - positively unmeasurable and omnipotent.
Perception of Light
There are seven basic means of perceiving this light in the visible world:
1-See (there are seven basic ways we see) ROYGBIV
2-Hear (there are seven basic ways we hear) CDEFGAB
3-Taste (there are seven basic ways we taste) SSSSBPF
4-Touch (there are seven basic ways we touch) DTDTALM
5-Smell (there are seven basic ways we smell) FFPRSBP
There are 2 ways of perceiving the invisible world:
6-Rationalism (there are twelve basic ways we rationalize) FBIIGDDCCDUPC
When we rationalize, we take a truth or principle, and bend it, twist it, change it to mean what we want it to mean.
When Eve partook of the forbidden fruit, she thought that she would die if she touched it:
"Of the fruit of every tree in the garden we may freely eat, but of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, we may not eat of it, NEITHER SHALL WE TOUCH IT, lest we die."
Here, Eve rationalized. Eve misquoted what God said. He never mentioned anything about the FRUIT, but said not to eat of the TREE. He never said anything about TOUCHING it.