||Scripture and the Creeds
VI. Of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for Salvation. (From the 39 Articles of Religion)
Holy Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation: so that
whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be
required of any man, that it should be believed as an article of the
Faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation. In the name
of the Holy Scripture we do understand those canonical Books of the Old
and New Testament, of whose authority was never any doubt in the Church.
Of the Names and Number of the Canonical Books
The First Book of Samuel,
The Second Book of Samuel,
The First Book of Kings,
The Second Book of Kings,
The First Book of Chronicles,
The Second Book of Chronicles,
The First Book of Esdras,
The Second Book of Esdras,
The Book of Esther,
The Book of Job,
Ecclesiastes or Preacher,
Cantica, or Songs of Solomon,
Four Prophets the greater,
Twelve Prophets the less.
And the other Books (as Hierome saith) the Church doth read for example of life and instruction of manners; but yet doth it not apply them to establish any doctrine; such are these following:
The Third Book of Esdras,
The Fourth Book of Esdras,
The Book of Tobias,
The Book of Judith,
The rest of the Book of Esther,
The Book of Wisdom,
Jesus the Son of Sirach,
Baruch the Prophet,
The Song of the Three Children,
The Story of Susanna,
Of Bel and the Dragon,
The Prayer of Manasses,
The First Book of Maccabees,
The Second Book of Maccabees.
All the Books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive, and account them Canonical.
See: St. John Henry Newman's Commentary from "Tract 90" for an orthodox interpretation of this article
Catechism (From the 1979 American Prayer Book)
*The Holy Scriptures, commonly called the Bible, are the books of the Old and New Testaments; other books, called the Apocrypha, are often included in the Bible. (p.853)
*Why do we call the Holy Scriptures the Word of God? We call them the Word of God because God inspired their human authors and because God still speaks to us through the Bible. (p.853)
*The Old Testament consists of books written by the people of the Old Covenant, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, to show God at work in nature and history. (p.853)
*The New Testament consists of books written by the people of the New Covenant, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, to set forth the life and teachings of Jesus and to proclaim the Good News of the Kingdom for all people. (p.853)
*The Apocrypha is a collection of additional books written by people of the Old Covenant, and used in the Christian Church. (p.853)
*How do we understand the meaning of the Bible? We understand the meaning of the Bible by the help of the Holy Spirit, who guides the Church in the true interpretation of the Scriptures. (p.853-4)
VII. Of the Old Testament.
The Old Testament is not contrary to the New: for both in the Old and
New Testament everlasting life is offered to Mankind by Christ, who is
the only Mediator between God and Man, being both God and Man.
Wherefore they are not to be heard, which feign that the old Fathers did
look only for transitory promises. Although the Law given from God by
Moses, as touching Ceremonies and Rites, do not bind Christian men, nor
the Civil precepts thereof ought of necessity to be received in any
commonwealth; yet notwithstanding, no Christian man whatsoever is free
from the obedience of the Commandments which are called Moral.
VIII. Of the Creeds.
The Nicene Creed, and that which is commonly called the Apostles' Creed,
ought thoroughly to be received and believed: for they may be proved by
most certain warrants of Holy Scripture.
The original Article given Royal assent in 1571 and reaffirmed in 1662,
was entitled, "Of the Three Creeds; and began as follows, "The Three
Creeds, Nicene Creed, Athanasius's Creed, and that which is commonly
called the Apostles' Creed..."
*What Christians believe about Christ is found in the Scriptures and summed up in the creeds. (p.851)
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